Leonard Marcus Bibliography Meaning

Not to be confused with Leonard J. Marcus.

Leonard S. Marcus (born December 11, 1950)[1] is one of the world's leading scholars of English language children's literature. Marcus is a critic, historian,[2] and author.[3]

Leonard Marcus is a contributor to the Horn Book and New York Times Book Review.[4] Marcus is a founding trustee of the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art. Also, he is the curator of the New York Public Library's 2013 exhibition called The ABC OF IT: Why Children’s Books Matter. Marcus "... is one of the best and brightest critics of children`s literature. He is a fine stylist in his own right," said Liz Rosenberg in reference to his biography of Margaret Wise Brown ``Awakened By The Moon`` . He lives in Brooklyn, New York.[4]


  • Yale University, magna cum laude with honors in history, BA, 1972
  • University of Iowa, Graduate Writers Workshop in Poetry, Master of Fine Arts, 1974
  • Bank Street College of Education, Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, 2007



-Helen Oxenbury: A Life in Illustration (Walker UK/Candlewick USA, fall 2017) (forthcoming)

-The Runaway Bunny 75th Anniversary Book (HarperCollins, spring 2017) (forthcoming)

-Comics Confidential: Thirteen Graphic Novelists Talk Story, Craft, and Life Outside the Box (Candlewick, fall 2016)

-Randolph Caldecott: The Man Who Could Not Stop Drawing (Frances Foster/Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013) (also published in Japan, China, and Taiwan)

-Maurice Sendak: A Celebration of the Artist and His Work (Abrams, 2013) (forthcoming in China and possibly France)

-Listening for Madeleine: A Portrait of Madeleine L’Engle in Many Voices (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012)

-Show Me A Story! Why Picture Books Matter (Candlewick, 2012) (published in Japan and forthcoming in China and Taiwan)

-The Annotated Phantom Tollbooth (Knopf, 2011)

-Funny Business: Conversations with Writers of Comedy (Candlewick, 2009)

-Minders of Make-Believe: Idealists, Entrepreneurs, and the Shaping of American Children’s Literature (Houghton Mifflin, 2008) (published in Japan)

-A Caldecott Celebration: Seven Artists and Their Paths to the Caldecott Medal (expanded, tenth-anniversary edition) (Walker, 2008)

-Golden Legacy: How Golden Books Won Children’s Hearts, Changed Publishing Forever, and Became an American Icon Along the Way (Random House, 2007)

-Pass It Down: Five Picture-Book Families Make Their Mark (Walker, 2007)

-Oscar: The Big Adventure of a Little Sock Monkey, co-authored with Amy Schwartz; illustrated by Amy Schwartz, (Harper/Tegen, 2006)

-The Wand In The Word: Conversations With Writers of Fantasy (Candlewick Press, 2006)

-Storied City: A Children's Book-Walking Tour Guide to New York City (Dutton, 2003)

-Ways of Telling: Conversations on the Art of the Picture Book (Dutton, 2002)

-Side by Side: Five Favorite Picture Book Teams Go To Work (Walker, 2001)

-Author Talk (Simon & Schuster, 2000)

-Dear Genius: The Letters of Ursula Nordstrom (ed) (HarperCollins, 1998; 2000) (published in Japan and China)

-Margaret Wise Brown: Awakened by the Moon (Beacon, 1992; Harper Perennial, 1999)

-A Caldecott Celebration: Six Artists and Their Paths to the Caldecott Medal (Walker, 1998)

-The Making of Goodnight Moon: A Fiftieth Anniversary Retrospective (HarperCollins, 1997)

-Morrow Junior Books: The First Fifty Years (Morrow, 1996)

-75 Years of Children’s Book Week Posters (Knopf, 1994) (published in Japan)

-Lifelines: A Poetry Anthology (Dutton, 1994)

-Mother Goose's Little Misfortunes (Bradbury, 1990)

-Humor and Play in Children's Literature (Johns Hopkins UP, 1989)

-An Epinal Album: Popular Prints from Nineteenth-Century France (Godine, 1984)

-Picture Books (Johns Hopkins UP, 1984)

-Petrouchka (Godine, 1983)

Book Introductions

-Out of Line: The Art of Jules Feiffer, by Martha Fay (Abrams, 2014)

-The Reluctant Dragon, by Kenneth Grahame, illustrated by Ernest Shepard (Holiday House, 2013)

-True Grit, by Charles Portis (Overlook, 2013)

-Nursery Rhyme Comics (First Second Books, 2011)

-The Art of Reading: Forty Illustrators Celebrate RIF's 40th Anniversary (Dutton, 2005)

-Mary Engelbreit's Mother Goose (HarperCollins, 2005)

-Make Way for McCloskey: A Robert McCloskey Treasury (Viking, 2004)

-The Borrowers Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, by Mary Norton, illustrated by Diana Stanley (Harcourt, 2003)

-The Picture Book World of Garth Williams, by Motoo Ito (Book Globe, 2002)

-Corduroy & Company: A Don Freeman Treasury (Viking, 2001)

-The Complete Adventures of Curious George (Houghton Mifflin, 2001)

-Garth Williams Treasury of Best-Loved Golden Books (Golden, 2001)

-Nursery Classics: A Galdone Treasury (Clarion, 2001)

-Mouse of My Heart, by Margaret Wise Brown; illustrated by Loretta Krupinski (Hyperion, 2001)

-Century of Picture Books, by Motoo Ito (Book Globe, 1999)

-Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll; illustrated with photographs by Abelardo Morell (Dutton, 1998)

-The Original Curious George, H. A. and Margret Rey (Houghton Mifflin, 1998)

-A Family Treasury of Little Golden Books (Golden, 1998)

-The Golden Books Family Treasury of Poetry (Golden, 1998)

-The Penguin Book of Classic Children's Characters (Penguin, 1998)

-The Art of Eric Carle, by Eric Carle (Philomel, 1996)

-The Complete Works of Lewis Carroll, by Lewis Carroll (Barnes & Noble, 1994)

-A Little Princess, by Frances Hodgson Burnett (Barnes & Noble, 1994)

-Peter Pan, by James Barrie (Barnes & Noble, 1994)

-The Wind in the Willows, by Kenneth Grahame (Barnes & Noble, 1994)

-The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by L. Frank Baum (Barnes & Noble, 1994)

-New York Street Cries in Rhyme, by Mahlon Day (Dover, 1977)

Magazine Work and Editorial Experience

Parenting magazine (Time, Inc./later Time Warner; circulation 2 million):

-1987-2008: regular monthly children’s book reviewer from magazine’s founding to its sale to Bonniers. Reviewed 100-150 books annually across all age categories; produced feature interviews with Maurice Sendak, Robert McCloskey, Helen Oxenbury, Mitsumasa Anno, and others; represented the magazine at major conferences.

-1988-2008: contributing editor

-1988-2007: originated plans for and directed the annual Parenting Reading Magic Awards (later, Best Books of the Year). Chose four nationally prominent judges, consolidated their recommended lists, and wrote the feature article covering fifty titles across age categories.

-1993-1994: coordinated joint publication of children’s book reviews for Parenting and Entertainment Weekly. Chose all books for review for both magazines (where they were published concurrently); assigned half the titles to EW’s reviewer Michelle Landsberg and wrote the other half himself.

-The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children’s Literature (Johns Hopkins UP)

-1980-1991: editorial board member. Helped develop themed issues and assigned and edited essays and book reviews. Edited two book-length double issues (on "Humor" and "The Picture Book"). Writers commissioned included Robert Coles, Morton N. Cohen, Nancy Willard, Elizabeth Sewell, X. J. Kennedy, Terese Svoboda, Peter Neumeyer, and Brian Alderson. Commissioned cover art by Paul O. Zelinsky and others.

-1985-1991: book review editor. Planned and edited "Booklog" department of reviews of books about children’s literature.

Related Review Work and Journalism

Washington Post Book World

-1980-1994: 13 reviews (most full-page) of children’s books and related titles such as The Art of Maurice Sendak, by Selma G. Lanes.

New York Times Book Review

-1983–present: 35 articles and essays. Three-time judge of the Ten Best Illustrated Books of the Year Awards: 1987, 1993, and 2002.

Publishers Weekly

-1983–present: author profiles and interviews (Garth Williams, James Marshall, Helen Oxenbury, John Burningham, and others) and features on the history of children’s book publishing.

The Horn Book Magazine

-1990–present: feature interviews with major publishing figures including Margaret K. McElderry, Walter Lorraine, Susan Hirschman, and Sheldon Fogelman.

-2010–present: regular column on picture books and illustration, called "Sight Reading".

Major Lectures[edit]

New York Public Library Pforzheimer Lecture;

Yale University Betsy Beinecke Shirley Lecture;

University of Wisconsin/Madison Charlotte Zolotow Lecture;

University of Illinois MillerComm Lecture;

Texas Woman’s University Bradshaw Lecture;

Princeton University;

New York University Medical Center Grand Rounds;

Art Institute of Chicago;

Library of Congress Center for the Book;

Los Angeles Public Library; American Library Association;

Maurice Sendak Fellowship;

Morgan Library & Museum (New York);

Chicago Humanities Festival;

National Book Festival;

Texas Book Festival;

University of Bologna; Bologna Children's Book Fair

Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris)

Mona Bismarck Foundation (Paris); Bologna International Children’s Book Fair;

National Library of Japan (Tokyo);

Asian Festival of Children’s Content keynote (Singapore);

National Library of China (Beijing)

National Library of Taiwan (Taipei);

Exhibitions Curated

New York Public Library ("The ABC of It: Why Children’s Books Matter," and others);

Rosenbach Museum ("Wonderland Rules: ALICE at 150");

New School for Social Research;

Katonah Museum of Art;

Boston Athenaeum;

Vassar College Library;

Brooklyn Public Library;

Joslyn Art Museum (Omaha);

Hartford Public Library/Hartford History Center;

Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art ("The Magician of the Modern: The Art of Leonard Weisgard" and several exhibitions); Katonah Museum of Art (Katonah, NY);

National Museum of American Jewish History (Philadelphia, PA);

National Center for Children’s Illustrated Literature (Abilene, TX); Real Art Ways (Hartford)..

Awards Judged

-Creator of the Carle Honors Awards (Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art);

Reading Magic Awards (Parenting magazine)

-2016 International Award in Illustration, Bologna Book Fair

-2016: Scholastic Asia Book Award (chief judge)

-2011: Sendak Fellowship

-2006–present: The Carle Honors Awards of the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art (committee chair); also, as a museum trustee, designed the plan for these awards.

-2009: Ragazzi Illustration Prize of the Bologna International Children’s Book Fair

-2001: Boston Globe/Horn Book Awards

-2001 Society of Illustrators/Original Art Show Juried Exhibition and Gold and Silver Medals

-1996: The National Book Award, Young People’s Literature; advised the National Book Foundation for five years thereafter on the selection of judges in this category.

-1993-2007: The Ezra Jack Keats New Writer and New Illustrator Awards

-1988-2007: Parenting Magazine Reading Magic Awards (later, Best Books of the Year): designed the plan for these awards; selected four judges annually; consolidated judges’ recommendations, and wrote the awards feature article for each Dec/Jan double issue of the magazine.

-1987, 1993, 2002: New York Times Book Review Ten Best Illustrated Books of the Year Awards

Teaching Experience

-School of Visual Arts (summer 2013–present). MFA in Visual Narrative Program seminar on the history of the picture book

-NYU Child Study Center/NYU Medical Center, "The Literature of Children and Adolescents" (2009–present)

-University of Illinois, "The Picture Book: History, Art, and Visual Literacy" (summer 2009 and summer 2011)

-Texas Woman’s University, "Children’s Books and Editorial Vision" (graduate seminar, School of Information and Library Science, 2000)

-California College of Arts and Crafts, "Writing for Children" (summer 1987)

-New School for Social Research, "Children’s Books As Literature" (Vera List Center, 1986-1992)

-School of Visual Arts, "Children’s Literature for Illustrators" (1982-1992)

Other Current Affiliations Eric Carle Museum, founding trustee (chair of exhibitions, collections, and Carle Honors Awards committees);

Authors Guild, member; The Century Association, member.

The Leonard Marcus Papers are at the Reinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.

External links[edit]


Barnaby. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, 1943. Also published in Garden City, NY: Blue Ribbon Books, 1943. Reprinted by Pocket Books, 1946. Reprinted by Dover Books, 1967.

Barnaby and Mr. O'Malley. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1944. Reprinted by Dover Books, 1975.

Who's Upside Down? New York: William R. Scott, 1952. Reprinted as Upside Down. Albert Whitman, 1969. Reprinted as Who's Upside Down? Hamden, CT: Linnet Books/Shoe String Press, 1990.

Harold and the Purple Crayon. New York: Harper, 1955.

Is This You? Co-written with Ruth Krauss. New York: W. R. Scott, 1955. Reprinted by Scholastic, 1964.

Barkis: Some precise and some speculative interpretations of the meaning of a dog's bark at certain times and in certain (illustrated) circumstances. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1956.

Harold's Fairy Tale: Further Adventures with the Purple Crayon. New York: Harper, 1956.

Harold's Trip to the Sky: More Adventures with the Purple Crayon. New York: Harper, 1957.

Terrible, Terrifying Toby. New York: Harper, 1957.

Time for Spring. New York: Harper, 1957.

The Blue Ribbon Puppies. New York: Harper, 1958. Reprinted by Scholastic, Inc.

Harold at the North Pole: A Christmas Journey with the Purple Crayon. New York: Harper, 1958. Reprinted by Reader's Digest Services, 1975. First published in an abbreviated form as "Harold and the Big Day" in Good Housekeeping, 1957.

Merry Go Round. New York: Harper, 1958.

Ellen's Lion: Twelve Stories. New York: Harper, 1959. Reprinted by David R. Godine, 1984. Reprinted by Alfred A. Knopf, 2003.

The Frowning Prince. New York: Harper, 1959.

Harold's Circus: An Astounding, Colossal Purple Crayon Event. New York: Harper, 1959.

Will Spring Be Early? or Will Spring Be Late? New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1959.

A Picture for Harold's Room: A Purple Crayon Adventure. New York: Harper, 1960.

Harold's ABC: Another Purple Crayon Adventure. New York: Harper, 1963.

The Lion's Own Story: Eight New Stories about Ellen's Lion. New York: Harper, 1963.

We Wonder What Will Walter Be? When He Grows Up. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1964.

The Emperor's Gifts. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965.

Castles in the Sand. Illustrated by Betty Fraser. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965.

Gordy and the Pirate and the Circus Ringmaster and the Knight and the Major League Manager and the Western Marshal and the Astronaut; and a Remarkable Achievement. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1965.

Barnaby #1: Wanted, a Fairy Godfather. New York: Ballantine, 1985.

Barnaby #2: Mr. O'Malley and the Haunted House. New York : Ballantine, 1985.

Barnaby #3: Jackeen J. O'Malley for Congress. New York: Ballantine, 1986.

Barnaby #4: Mr. O'Malley Goes for the Gold. New York: Ballantine, 1986.

Barnaby #5: Mr. O'Malley, Wizard of Wall Street. New York: Ballantine, 1986.

Barnaby #6: J.J. O'Malley Goes Hollywood. New York: Ballantine, 1986.

Harold's Purple Crayon Treasury: Five Adventures with the Purple Crayon. Barnes & Noble Books, 1997.

Magic Beach. Asheville, NC: Front Street Books, 2005.

Aligned Triangles and Projections. 32" x 32". 1968. Looks very similar to Alignment of Intersecting Traces; appears to be the same but with different colors.

Alignment of Intersecting Traces (Desargues, 1593-1662). 1966.

Approximation of Pi to 0.0001. n.d.

Archimedes Transversal. n.d.

Area and Perimeter of a Squared Circle. n.d.

Area Measurement of a Parabola (Archimedes, 3rd c BC). 48" x 48". c. 1967.

Biblical Squared Circles. 24 1/2" x 24". n.d.

Bouquet of Equal Areas. 48" x 48". n.d.

Bouquet of Triangle Theorems (Euclid, 4th c BC). c. 1967.

Calculus. 49" x 49". 1966. May or may not be the same as Fluxions, or the Differential Calculus (Newton, 1642-1727).

Centers of Similitude (La Hire, 1640-1718). 33" x 23". c. 1967.

Collineation of Perpendiculars (Simson, 1687-1768). 48" x 42". c. 1967.

Conic Curve (Appolonius, 3rd c BC). c. 1967.

Construction of Heptagon I. 32 1/4" x 32 1/4". n.d.

Construction of Heptagon II. 48" x 42". n.d.

Construction of Heptagon III. 48" x 26". n.d.

Cross-Ratio (Poncelet, 1788-1867). 48" x 42". c. 1967.

Cube Doubled in Volume. 25" x 25". n.d.

Curve Tangents (Fermat, 1601-1665). 19" x 25". c. 1967.

Division of a Square by Conic Rectangles. 33" x 33". 1970.

Division of a One-by-Two Rectangle by Conic Rectangles. 41" x 24". 1970.

Duality (Pascal-Brianchon). n.d.

Euclidian Values of a Squared Circle. n.d.

Equal Triangles. 28" x 24 1/2". n.d.

Equation (Descartes, 1596-1650). 17" x 32". c. 1967.

Equation Roots in Complex Numbers (Gauss, 1777-1855). 48" x 48". c. 1967.

Every Positive Integer (Gauss, 1777-1855). c. 1967.

Fluxions, or the Differential Calculus (Newton, 1642-1727). 48" x 49". c. 1967.

Fraction of Pi (to .0000003...) in a Square of One (Construction of the 113:355 Ratio of Tsu Chung Chih, 500 AD). 23 1/2" x 23 1/2"

Geometric Mean (Pythagoras). n.d.

Geometry of a Triple Bubble (Plateau, 1801-1883). 28 3/4" x 24 3/4". c. 1967.

Golden Rectangle (Pythagoras). n.d.

Golden Rectangle (Pythagoras). n.d. Same theorem, different painting.

Harmonic Series from a Quadrilateral (Pappus, 3rd c AD). c. 1967.

Heptagon from Its Seven Sides. 23 3/4" x 16". 1973.

Heptagon 1:3:3 Triangle. n.d.

Heptagon Stated by Seven Toothpicks. n.d.

Hippias' Curve. 32" x 32". n.d.

Homethic Triangles (Hippocrates of Chios, 5th c BC). c. 1967.

Law of Motion. n.d.

Law of Orbiting Velocity (Kepler, 1571-1630). c. 1967.

Locus of the Midpoint of a Chord (Plato 4th c BC). 24" x 24". c. 1967.

Logarithms (Napier, 1550-1617). 24" x 21". c. 1967.

Measurement of the Earth (Eratosthenes, 3rd c BC). c. 1967.

Momentum of the Pendulum (Galileo, 1564-1642). c. 1967.

Morley Triangle. 24" x 24". n.d.

Multiplication Through Imaginary Numbers (Gauss). n.d.

The "Mystic" Hexagon (Pascal, 1623-1662). 48" x 24". c. 1967.

Nine-Point Circle (Euler). n.d.

Numbers in a Spiral. n.d. May be the same as One to One Hundred in a Spiral. c. 1967.

One to One Hundred in a Spiral. c. 1967.

Parabolic Triangle (Archimedes). n.d. May be the same as Area Measurement of a Parabola (Archimedes, 3rd c BC).

Paradox of One Surface and One Edge (Moebius, 1790-1868). 24" x 24". c. 1967.

Pencil of Ratios (Monge, 1746-1818). c. 1967.

Perspective (Alberti, 1404-1472). c. 1967.

Pi Squared and Its Square Root. n.d.

Point Constellation in the Triangle (Euler, 1707-1783). c. 1967.

Polar Line for a Point and Circle (Apollonius, 3rd c BC). 32" x 22". c. 1967.

Polyhedron Edges + Faces = Vertices - 2 (Euler, 1701-1783). 28" x 22". c. 1967.

Polyhedron Formula. 27" x 33". n.d.

Problem of Delos (Meneachmus). 23 3/4" x 23 3/4". 1968.

Problem of Delos I. 40" x 33". 1970.

Problem of Delos II. 45" x 25". 1970.

Projections of Aligned Triangles (Desargues, 1593-1662). 33" x 33". c. 1969.

Proof of the Orbit as an Ellipse (Kepler, 1571-1630). c. 1967.

Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem (Euclid, 4th c BC). c. 1967.

Right Triangle, Golden Rectangle and Pythagorean Star. 1972.

Reciprocation of Lines and Points (Pappus, 3rd c BC). c. 1967.

Rectangles of Equal Area (Pythagoras). n.d.

Relativity of Time and Space (Einstein, 1879-1955). 1966.

Rotated Triangle and Reflexions. n.d.

Seventeen Sides -- Gauss. 50" x 25". n.d.

Similar Triangles (Thales, 7th c BC). 16" x 24 1/2". 1966.

Square Divided by Conic Rectangles. 33" x 33".

Squared Circle. 48" x 48". 1968.


Squared Lunes (Hippocrates of Chios). n.d.

Squared Lunex (Hippocrates of Chios). n.d.

Squared Rectangle & Euler Line. n.d.

Square Root of Pi. n.d.

Square Root of pi =0.0001. 24" x 24". n.d.

Square Root of Two (Descartes, 1596-1650). c. 1967.

Square Root of x. 48" x 48". n.d.

Square Roots of One, Two, and Three. n.d.

Square Roots to 16 (Theodorus of Cyrene). n.d.

Squares in Scalene Perspective (Durer, 1471-1528). c. 1967.

Squares of 1, 2, 3, 4, and Square Roots to 8. n.d.

Squares of the 3-4-5 Triangle (Pythagorus, 6th c BC). c. 1967.

Star Construction. n.d.

Symedians (Lemoine, 1840-1912). c. 1967.

Transcendental Curve (Wallis). 12" x 23 1/2". 1966.

Transversals (Menelaus, 1st c BC). 24" x 21". c. 1967.

Transversals (Ceva, 1647-1734). c. 1967.

Triangle and Lune of Equal Area (Hippocrates, 5th c BC). 24" x 24". c. 1967.

Velocities of Right Triangles. 49" x 25". n.d.

Velocity on Inclined Planes (Galileo, 1564-1642). 48" x 32". c. 1967.

Drawing of a seven-sided figure in a circle. British Mathematical Journal. 1974. Note: Maurice Horn's World Encyclopedia of Comics (1976) says that Johnson was "proud of a notice in the British Mathematical Journal in 1974 of his rendering of a seven-sided figure in a circle."


"Schematic Paintings Deriving from Axioms and Theorems of Geometry, from Pythagorus to Apollonius of Perga, and from Desargues and Kepler to the Twentieth Century." Glezer Gallery. New York, 1967.

"Squaring the Circle." Museum of Art, Science and Industry. Park Avenue, Bridgeport, CT, 1970.

IBM Gallery. Yorktown Heights, NY, 1975.

"Theorems in Color." The Museum of History and Technology. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC, 1980.

About Crockett Johnson (including anthologies, literary criticism, and some book reviews)

Abel, Bob. "From 'Krazy Kat' to 'Barnaby': Revisiting Some of the Great Comics." The National Observer 28 April 1968: 19.

"Animating Harold." 5-minute documentary included on the videocassette Harold and the Purple Crayon and Other Harold Stories. Wood Knapp Video, 1993.

Bader, Barbara. "Crockett Johnson." American Picturebooks from Noah's Ark to the Beast Within. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., 1976. 434-42.

"The 'Barnaby' Books Bring Back the Magic." Newsweek 29 July 1985.

"Barnaby Comic Strips to Be in Book Form." New York Times 18 June 1985: C17.

Becker, Stephen. Comic Art in America: A Social History of the Funnies, the Political Cartoons, Magazine Humor, Sporting Cartoons and Animated Cartoons. With an Introduction by Rube Goldberg. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959. 350, 357-362. A 5-page essay with 4 and a half "Barnaby" strips: O'Malley's memory loss (3 Sept. 1942), McSnoyd (27 Oct. 1942 and half of 28 Oct. 1942), Barnaby asking Mr. O'Malley to help get a dog for Mr. Baxter's Christmas present (19 Dec. 1942), and O'Malley introducing Gus to Barnaby (30 Jan. 1943).

Blackbeard, Bill, and Martin Williams, editors. The Smithsonian Collection of Newspaper Comics. Washington, DC and New York, NY: Smithsonian Institution Press and Harry N. Abrams, 1977. 232, 239-45, 325. Reprints the Hot Coffee Ring/Haunted House episode of 19 Jan. 1943 - 27 Feb. 1943.

Block, Maxine, editor. Current Biography 1943. New York: The W. H. Wilson Company, 1944. 345-47.

Broadman, Muriel. "Harold and the Purple Crayon." Back Stage 30 Nov. 1990: 44.

Collier, Laurie, and Joyce Nakamura, editors. Major Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Inc., 1993. 1436-38.

Commire, Anne. Something About the Author. Volume 1. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1971: 141.

---, editor. Something About the Author. Volume 26. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1982. 133. Obituary notice.

---, editor. Something About the Author. Volume 30. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1983. 141-44.

Crago, Maureen and Hugh. Prelude to Literacy: A Preschool Child's Encounter with Picture and Story. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press, 1983. 178-79, 205-07. This book traces children's responses to children's books, using Anna Crago (the daughter of the authors) as its subject. She notes that the Carrot Seed boy resembles Harold, and is intrigued by Harold's "ability to 'draw real' with his magic crayon."

Craven, Thomas, editor. Cartoon Cavalcade. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1943. 246, 377, 406-411. Only a portion of a paragraph is devoted to "Barnaby" (p. 246), but the book reprints one "Little Man with the Eyes" cartoon ("Snub," p. 377), and five strips of Barnaby and O'Malley's meeting with McSnoyd (19-24 Oct. 1942, pp. 406-411).

"Creator of 'Barnaby' in First Serious Show." Bridgeport Sunday Post 1967.

"Crockett Johnson's Art Is Tantalizing at MASI." Bridgeport Sunday Post 18 Jan. 1970: 16.

"Crockett Johnson, Cartoonist, Creator of 'Barnaby,' Is Dead." New York Times 13 July 1975: 38.

"Cushlamochree!" Newsweek 4 Oct. 1942: 102, 104.

Darling, Harold. From Mother Goose to Dr. Seuss: Children's Book Covers 1860-1960. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999. Reprints the cover to Barnaby and Mr. O'Malley on p. 103.

Deitch, Gene. "The Picture Book Animated." The Horn Book Magazine April 1978: 144-49.

De Montreville, Doris, and Donna Hill, editors. Third Book of Junior Authors. New York: The H. W. Wilson Company, 1972. 152-53.

Dresang, Eliza T. Radical Change: Books for Youth in a Digital Age. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1999. 35. A single paragraph on Harold and the Purple Crayon, claiming that the book prefigures radical, digital-age texts.

Ellington, Duke. "He Trusts Mr. O'Malley." PM1 December 1942: 21.

"The End of a Fairy Tale." Time 28 Jan. 1952: 77.

"Escape Artist." Time 2 Sept. 1946: 49-50.

Fadool, Cynthia, editor. Contemporary Authors. Volumes 57-60. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1976. 346.

"Fallen Star." Newsweek 7 Feb. 1949: 54.

Glubok, Shirley. The Art of the Comic Strip. New York: MacMillan, 1979. 26-27. Reprints the strip from 15 Dec. 1945, and contains one factual error: claims that only Barnaby and Gorgon can see Mr. O'Malley when, in fact, all children can see him.

Goulart, Ron, editor. The Encyclopedia of American Comics. A Promised Land Publication. New York: Facts on File, 1990. 18-19, 204.

---. "A Little Bit of History...." Barnaby #1: Wanted, a Fairy Godfather. By Crockett Johnson. New York: Ballantine, 1985. 209-13.

Halliday, Bob. "Children's Books: Barnaby's Back." Washington Post 8 June 1986: 10+.

H. B. "Crockett Johnson." Barnaby Quarterly #1 July 1945: 1.

"'A Hole is to Dig?' Harold Should Know." New Haven Register 12 July 1959: 2.

Hopkins, Lee Bennett. Books Are by People: Interviews with 104 Authors and Illustrators of Books for Young Children. New York: Citation Press, 1969. 121-124.

Horn, Maurice C. "Chapter 5: The Crisis of the Forties." Couperie, Pierre, Maurice C. Horn, Proto Destefanis, et al. A History of the Comic Strip. 1967. Translated from the French by Eileen B. Hennessy. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc, 1968. 83-101. Mentions "Barnaby" on p. 87, reprints one panel of a "Barnaby" strip on p. 90.

Jones, Stacy V. "Inventor of Barnaby Gets Patent for 4-Way Adjustable Mattress." New York Times 29 Oct. 1955: 22.

Kingman, Lee, Joanna Foster, and Ruth Giles Lontoft, compilers. Illustrators of Children's Books, 1957-1966. Boston: The Horn Book, 1968. 126.

Kinsman, Clare D. and Mary Ann Tennenhouse, editors. Contemporary Authors. Volumes 9-12. First Revision. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1974. 505.

Krauss, Ruth. "Ruth Krauss." Pauses: Autobiographical Reflections of 101 Creators of Children's Books. Edited by Lee Bennett Hopkins. New York: HarperCollins, 1995. 39-41.

MacLeod, Anne Scott. "Johnson, Crockett." Twentieth-Century Children's Writers. Third Edition. Edited by Tracy Chevalier. Chicago: St. James Press, 1989. 499.

Marschall, Richard. "Barnaby" and "Leisk, David Johnson." The World Encyclopedia of Comics. Edited by Maurice Horn. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1976. 97-98, 448-49. Reprinted in The World Encyclopedia of Comics. Revised and Updated. Edited by Maurice Horn. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999. 112-13, 474. Entry on "Leisk, David Johnson" was revised slightly but includes no new information.

"MASI shows Johnson 'squared circle.'" Westport News 22 Jan 1970. Sec. 2, p. 20.

Nel, Philip. "Crockett Johnson and the Purple Crayon: A Life in Art." Comic Art5 (Winter 2004): 2-18.

---. The Crockett Johnson Homepage. July 1998-present <http://www.ksu.edu/english/nelp/purple/>.

---. "'Never overlook the art of the seemingly simple': Crockett Johnson and the Politics of the Purple Crayon." Children's Literature29 (2001): 142-74.

Nordstrom, Ursula. Dear Genius: The Letters of Ursula Nordstrom. Collected and edited by Leonard S. Marcus. New York: HarperCollins, 1998. Contains a number of letters to Ruth Krauss and three letters to Crockett Johnson, the second of which quotes a sentence from his letter to Ms. Nordstrom.

Norris, Chan. "Meet the man who brought you Barnaby and Mr. O'Malley together." PM 20 Dec. 1942: 24.

North, Joseph, editor. New Masses: An Anthology of the Rebel Thirties. Introduction by Maxwell Geismar. New York: International Publishers, 1969. Includes one cartoon by Johnson, p. 187.

"O'Malley for Dewey." Time 18 Sept. 1944: 50.

Parker, Dorothy. "A Mash Note to Crockett Johnson." PM 3 Oct. 1943: 16. Republished as the introduction to Barnaby #4: Mr. O'Malley Goes for the Gold. New York: Ballantine, 1986.

"Personal & Otherwise." Harper's Magazine. June 1955: 23. Brief notice concerning the "Barkis & Family" comic strip and news of "Barnaby" being "adapted for a weekly TV show."

"Ron Howard: Hollywood's Favorite Son." Written, directed and produced by Patty Ivins. A&E Biography. Executive Produced by Kevin Burns. Twentieth-Century Fox, 1999. Early on, the program lingers briefly on two photographs, each of Ron Howard as Barnaby and Bert Lahr as Mr. O'Malley in the TV-movieBarnaby and Mr. O'Malley.

Rothschild, D. Aviva. "Barnaby and Mr. O'Malley." Graphic Novels: Bibliographic Guide to Book-Length Comics. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1995. 35. Calls Barnaby and Mr. O'Malley "[o]ne of the earliest works that can truly be called a graphic novel."

Saunders, Sheryl Lee. "Johnson, Crockett." Children's Books and Their Creators. Edited by Anita Silvey. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1995. 335.

Sendak, Maurice. "Ruth Krauss and Me: A Very Special Partnership." The Horn Book Magazine 70.3 (May-June 1994): 286-90.

Solomon, Deborah. "Beyond Finger Paint." New York Times Book Review 17 May 1998: 24-25. A review of contemporary children's books about art that concludes with praise for Harold and the Purple Crayon.

"Speaking of Pictures...'Barnaby' Has High I.Q. for Cartoon-Strip Humor." Life 4 Oct. 1943: 10-11, 13.

Spitz, Ellen Handler. Inside Picture Books. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. 70-72. Summary of Harold and the Purple Crayon, including children's responses to the book.

Spurgeon, Tom. "No. 68: Barnaby." The Comics Journal 210 (Feb. 1999): 52. Though "Barnaby" ranks at 68 in "The Top 100 (English-Language) Comics of the Century," both Mr. O'Malley and Gus appear among the characters on the issue's cover.

"Stroud Studies Crockett Johnson's Mathematical Artistry." Davidson Update Oct. 1985: 7.

Stroud, J. B. "Crockett Johnson and the Regular Heptagon." 41 pp. Unpublished manuscript.

---. "Crockett Johnson's geometric paintings," Journal of Mathematics and the Arts 2.2 (June 2008): 77-99.

Viguers, Ruth Hill, Marcia Dalphin, and Bertha Mahoney Miller, compilers. Illustrators of Children's Books, 1946-1956. Boston: The Horn Book, 1958: 135.

Waugh, Coulton. The Comics. New York: Macmillan, 1947. Reprinted by the University Press of Mississippi, 1991. 306-10. On page 311, reprints one of the un-anthologized "Barnaby" strips from 1947, signed by Jack Morley and Ted Ferro.

Wepman, Dennis. "Barnaby." 100 Years of Newspaper Comics: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Edited by Maurice Horn. New York: Gramercy Books, 1996. 46-47.

Williams, Gurney, editor. Collier's Collects Its Wits. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1941. Includes 13 of Johnson's "The Little Man with the Eyes" cartoons (pages 7, 28, 40, 59, 67, 89, 102, 108, 125, 135, 146, 154), and a "self-caricature" of (and by) Johnson himself (page 80).

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