Introduction: India is a land of fasts and festivals. The Indian men and women observe these festivals throughout the year. These festivals are being observed from time immemorial. People are observing them right from the dawn of human civilization.
Major Indian Festivals: The major festivals are Dussehra, Kali Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Basanta Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Janmastami, Ram Navami, Akshya Tritiya, Holi and others, to name only a few. These festivals are observed by the Hindus but there are other festivals also such as Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha and Muharram observed by the Muslims. The Christmas Day and New Year’s Day are observed by the Christians and the Guru Nanak Jayanati is observed by the Sikhs or Punjabis.
People observe these festivals with great devotion as they believe that fasts and festivals purify their minds and inspire them to lead a better and purer life. If is for this reason that the old, young and children all observe these fasts and festivals with great gusto and enthusiasm.
Celebration: These festivals are observed throughout the year with great pomp and ceremony. Some festivals like Dussehra, Diwali and Holi are observed throughout the country and some others are observed regionally. All the people, irrespective of their social position, observe these festivals with their families and also socially with their friends with great enthusias
Importance: Every festival has a social, religious and mythological value. Accordingly, Dussehra has a great significance. People believe that this is the occasion when goddess Durga killed Mahisasura and save the people from the clutches of a great demon. This is also an occasion to fight against all that is evil and establish truth. Similarly the Janmastami festival has also a great religious and social significance. This is the occasion when Lord Krishna was born to kill Kansa and other demons and save the people from a great danger. This festival also teaches us how to fight evil and falsehood and establish truth.
Their social and cultural value: In this way Indian festivals have a great religious and social significance. They teach a moral lesson to the people and unite them. People forget all their differences and observe these festivals with a sense of togetherness. The festivals teach them how to forget their enmity, narrowness and bitterness and join hand with each other for the sake of their religion and their society and for the sake of friendship and universal brotherhood.
Conclusion: It is our sacred duty to celebrate these festivals with a sense of purity and sanctity. We should keep it free from communalism, narrowness and nasty politics.
Category: BlogTagged With: Indian Festivals
A festival is a celebration of life. It is a celebration entertainment or series of performances of a certain kind, often held periodically. Festival breaks the monotony of life. They bring peace and joy to the masses. All nations have their religious and cultural festivals. Indian festivals are numerous. They are harmonious rich varied and colorful.
Indian festivals are as varied as the people themselves. They can broadly be divided into three categories national or political religion and seasonal. Most Indian festivals have their in religion or in the myths and legends of popular faiths. Some are connected with the memory of very respectable men and events. They are intended to keep alive the memory of those events and personalities and inspire people to follow their examples.
National festivals like the Republic Day, The Independence Day , Gandhi Jayanti ,etc are celebrated with great patriotic zeal. These days have been declared as national holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm. The capital New Delhi is the seat of national celebrations on such occasions. It witness one of the most majestic parades on the Republic Day. Apart from the Armed Forces School children from across the country also participate in this parade.
Diwali is the most prominent of Hindu festivals. It is the festival of lights. on this day Hindus celebrate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after the victory over Ravana. The houses are cleaned and whitewashed. People wear new clothes. Businessmen start their new accounts. Sweets are distributed. On its day people from all walks of life light up their homes. Crackers are burst and the children as well as the youth enjoy them.
Ram Navami is celebrated s the birthday of Lord Rama. Janmastmi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna. Durga Pooja is celebrated in Benal Assam Orissa and some other parts of India. It is celebrated with great pomp and shoe. Goddess Durga is worshipped for five days. On the fifth day the statue of the goddesses immersed in water in Northern India , dusserra is observed as Vijaya Dashmi celebrating victory of good over evil of Rama over Ravana. In Maharashtra lord Ganesha is worshipped with the great pomp and show.
Holi is celebrated at the end of winter season. Raslila a cultural dance of Manipur is staged during this festival. The dance is dedicated to Lord Krishna and the glop is. Holi is a festival of colors. People throw color on one another. It is celebrated in honors of Prahlad. It celebrates the victory of good over evil,.
Chath is celebrated in Bihar and also in other parts of India. Sun god is worshipped early in the morning on this day. Sweets and fruits are offered to sun god.
Guru Nanak Dev birthday is celebrated by Sikhs and members of other communities. On this occasion religious congregation are attended lamps are lit and crackers are burst. The days of martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahudur are also of special significance to the community.
Christmas is the most important festival of Christians. It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Jesus Christ on 25th December. The Christmas tree is decorated with artificial stars , lights , toys ect on this days. Cakes and puddings are served. Children get dressed in new clothes. Any person disguised as Santa Claus distributes sweet among children. Prayers are offered in churches.
Jews celebrate their festivals in a similar fashion as those of Christians. They go to the synagogue to pray before the Almighty. The parses celebrate Naoroz during August September each year. It is the beginning of their new year.
The seasonal festivals are celebrated in different ways all over the country. Bihu is celebrated with great pomp and show in Assam. Baisakhi is celebrated as a mark of harvesting the wheat crops in Punjab. Onam is celebrated in Kerla as a harvest festival. Pongal is also a similar festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. Basant Panchami is celebrated throughout North India and West Bengal.
Festivals also have a negative influence on our society. The brushing of crackers during Diwali pollutes the atmosphere. Gambling disturb public life. During Holi , drunkards brawl in the streets. Temples are decorated at the cost of millions of rupees. The money used for such events could be utilized for the economic development of the country.
Color is an essential part of Holi. But it must not be sprayed on people who resent it. The bursting of crackers should be minimized. Festival should be celebrated with simplicity. People belonging to other communities should be invited during religious festivals. This will help in promoting national integration and communal harmony.