1831 Year Of Eclipse Essays

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Step by Step Java Eclipse Programming

...material the students have not mastered and need to study further * They give people important practice in dealing with stress, which can help later on with life's challenges. * The examination system has its own benefits. It's like a self-test to see where we are and how good we fare in something that we do. The purpose of exam has always been a test to let us, human beings, to know our limits and our standards. * Frankly speaking, who can put his/her hand on their heart and say that they would have learned the lessons regarding different subjects themselves if the present examination system were not there and didn't made the students to learn and understand the topics dealing with different subjects to perform at the end of the year. The ANSWER would be No, They wouldn't have. Exams should not be abolished.  Until a better form of demonstrating knowledge comes along, exams must remain in place. In the world of occupations, exams are especially useful.  A given state, county, town, or other regionally-governed area requires certain knowledge for certain occupations.  The most effective way of evaluating an individual's knowledge of a given topic is the use of exams.  These can be written exams, oral exams, tests of skill, or any combination of the three. Of course not....many people think that exams should be abolished because it gives their children more pressure and stress ...which encourages to study with determination, but in my opinion exams should......

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Best Years

...“The Best Years of Your Life” It was a Wednesday morning, and was the first time in months my alarm clock was not set for 6:30 am. The month of June was finally here and as I laid in my bed, I suddenly flashbacked to the past four years of my life. Those cool fall Friday nights cheering from the stands at the football games. The wins and loses celebrated and suffered on the Basketball court and track. Getting ready and dancing the night away at Prom and the numerous amounts of stress from homework and tests, yet it was all worth the while in the end. As my day went on, the time approached to put on my fresh, crisp, orange robe and cap that I have been admiring for weeks. A tear suddenly fell down my face. This was it, tonight at 7:00pm; it was going to be the last time I would ever be with all 280 students of the class of 2011. It was a bittersweet feeling. I knew I had a bright and new future ahead of me, I knew things were never going to be the same, which petrified me. My tears of uncertainly suddenly changed to tears of joy when my parents called me to come outside because they had a “surprise” for me. A million things were running through my mind however, once I opened my front door I nearly fainted. A brand new 2011 Navy Jeep was sitting in front of me. In an outburst I broke into tears and all I remember was my dad saying, “If you don’t like it, I will certainly keep it.” I was smiling from cheek to cheek. How could I be so lucky to be blessed with the greatest......

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Year of the Potato

...Cultural Significance of a Hidden Treasure The United Nations named 2008 the International Year of the Potato[1], and for good reason. The potato has become the world’s largest non-grain food commodity and appears to be recession-proof. For this reason, the potato has become an economic savior in developing countries. The potato has many functions and is used world-wide in variety of dishes, coming in a multitude of forms. Potatoes symbolize man’s relationship with soil and have been idolized in Europe and other regions[2]. And recently, the potato has appeared heavily in politics with the motion to limit starchy foods in school cafeterias[3]. The potato can be a nutritionally rich, economically stable, culinarily diverse food that deserves a year of its own. Potatoes are a major part of the global food system but they are a unique cash crop in the sense that most of production is for local consumption[1]. Potatoes have a high perishability and transportation costs which keep exports of potatoes at a mere 6%[1]. For this reason, the prices of potatoes are determined by the local market, not the global market, and are seen as a food security crop that can especially help local farmers. National governments, with the help of the United Nations recent spotlight on potatoes, are using their governing powers to try to increase potato production. Peru, in an effort to reduce the high costs of imported wheat, have encouraged locals to purchase bread made with potato flour.......

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Eclipse

...Evaluation of Eclipse Retail Business Plan Eclipse Retail, Inc. is an Internet retailer of discounted designer fashion, jewelry and home furnishings. While its business plan presents opportunities and competitive advantages that may set the company apart from its competitors in the traditional retail sector, there are several aspects that warrant questions and further investigation. Opportunities and Risks Market In retrospect, the late 1990s did see tremendous technological advances and a proliferation of the Internet use. This, combined with the sizable market of off-price apparel, present a great opportunity for Eclipse Retail which would combine the two sectors and capitalize the traditional apparel market with the use of E-commerce. However, the business plan fails to provide sufficient information to substantiate its statement on the growing use of shopping online in the apparel market in the 1990s. Given the E-commerce websites such as Amazon.com and Ebay.com, there is no doubt that there is an existing Internet-based sales market that supports a group of consumers that are comfortable with making transactions online. However, given the unique nature of the apparel shopping, which often times requires an in-person experience in order to try on the apparel, it is not yet clear how receptive the shoppers will be if this traditional shopping experience is completely taken online. In addition, there is uncertainly surrounding the estimated size of the......

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Eclipse

...Generated by ABC Amber LIT Converter, http://www.processtext.com/abclit.html Book 12 Sweep Cate Tiernan Eclipse Table of Contents Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Chapter 1 – Morgan Chapter 2 - Alisa Chapter 3 - Morgan Chapter 4 - Alisa Chapter 5 - Morgan Chapter 6 - Alisa Chapter 7 - Morgan Chapter 8 - Alisa Chapter 9 – Morgan Chapter 10 - Alisa Chapter 11 Morgan Chapter 12 - Alisa Chapter 13 – Morgan Chapter 14 - Alisa Chapter 15 – Morgan Page 1 Generated by ABC Amber LIT Converter, http://www.processtext.com/abclit.html Book 12 Sweep Page 2 Generated by ABC Amber LIT Converter, http://www.processtext.com/abclit.html Cate Tiernan ECLIPSE To Stephanie Lane, with gratitude Page 3 Generated by ABC Amber LIT Converter, http://www.processtext.com/abclit.html 1 Morgan > < “Oh, please. Will you two stop already? This is disgusting,” I teased. On Ethan Sharp’s front step Bree Warren and Robbie Gurevitch tried to disentangle themselves from their lip-to-lip suction lock. Robbie gave a little cough. “Hey, Morgan.” He stood off to one side, trying to act casual—hard to do when you’re flushed and breathing hard. It was still a tiny bit of a novelty to see Robbie and Bree, my best friends from childhood, in a romantic relationship. I loved it. “Perfect timing, Sister Mary Morgan,” said Bree, pushing a hand through her minky dark hair. But she grinned at me, and I smiled back. Robbie rang Ethan’s doorbell. Ethan opened the......

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Billions of Years vs. Thousands of Years

...how old it is, some would say it’s Billions of years and some would say Thousands of years old. There is a lot of factors like rocks layers, plants, animals, sun, moon and many more facts that can predict how many years has the earth been around. But to find the truth if it’s a Billions of years or Thousands of years we would have to compare the two and even look into scientist discovering facts. Or do we go off the what God has created and the Bibles authors? When we read about how or what makes the earth Billions of years? There was a Geologic time scale that was invented in 1800’s. Within this invention, this scale was only to find the geologic ages, with out the information of periods or events. By this we believe the earth was formed about 4 billions years ago. This dates have been proven by analyzing samples of rocks , solar systems, and minerals. Scientist have collaborated and scientifically giving proves of objects, like how old it the oldest rock on earth or the oldest mineral and where did it come from. Material (Oldest earth rock), Age (4.0 billion years), and Methods (radiometric) our how the geologic scale combinations of specific source that tell the what scientist have documented and dated there sources. These are examples of why some assume the age of the earth is a billion years old. One big scientists believer was James Hutton studied rocks and fossils and believed the they made millions of years ago. But with every study he had to make......

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Gap Year

... ‘Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world’ this is how Nelson Mandela (n.d., from brainquote.com) defined the meaning of education many years ago. Time passes, but values do not change, because people are still very anxious about the choice of educational place where they are going to get knowledge. In other words, people try to choose the best school/university. Fortunately, market provides a wide range of educational services, so it is easy to find the place, but it is difficult to decide which one to choose. One of the innovations in modern educational system is distance or online education. Many years ago online learning was not so famous and flexible, but after development of innovations and new technologies it becomes more popular and comfortable (Thornburrow, 2005). Distance education is defined as “a planned teaching/learning experience that uses a wide spectrum of technologies to reach learners at a distance and is designed to encourage learner interaction and increases in learning” (Greenberg, 1998, p.37). According to the USA Distance Education and Training Council (Littlefield, n.d) an estimated 8 million Americans are currently enrolled in distance learning programs and enrollments in online courses and degree programs are increasing by about 25% each year. It is a common thing among elder generation to attend online courses for several reasons like lack of free time because of work/family, but now even in secondary and......

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Gap Year

...Students and the Gap Year For my parents, college was a sure thing. After high school, we prepare for college, and then we prepare for life. The breaks in between, like summer break, should be enough rest relaxation. But what about the students not prepared for college or just need a break and take one? Do those students do just as well as the ones that went from high school straight to college? There are certain paths we can take, but no matter how parents feel about this matter, they need to have an open mind. Before we look at articles about the gap year, I’d like to specify what exactly a gap year is; a gap year is should not, in any way, be a procrastination technique. A gap year is for students that help renew focus on school and academics, take a break from the homework and tests students had to endure from first grade to high school, and lastly, find their place in this world. Switching majors or just dropping out is too expensive for parents. Whether it is travelling the world and volunteering or being at home and taking on a job, a gap year brings a sense of responsibility. It can also be educational and students become well-rounded with real world experiences. While already somewhat of a trend in Australia and the United Kingdom, the gap year has recently started in the United States. . For many graduates, burned out from four (or more) years of intense study, taking a year to do something less pressured can be a hugely positive experience with......

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Early Years

...One billion dollars plus, the Federal government is going to spend this over the next two years on “infant, toddler, and pregnant women” preschool (Lukas). This huge amount to school infants and toddlers is only a portion of what all taxpayers must pay to run preschools across America. Unnecessary government spending, increased taxes, a reduction of choices for parents, and nearly no long term effects are some of the reasons to shift funding for preschools away from the government and back to the parents of children attending them. Although government spends billions annually running many preschool and early preschools, no evidence shows any demand for them (Burke). The increased funding thrown at preschools is based on one research trial done in the mid sixties. This data is considered flawed (Olsen). In 2008 more than one billion dollars in funding got added to the preschool budget (Lukas). Lindsey Burke from the Heritage Foundation reports more than 25 Billion dollars go towards child care and preschool, with Obama asking for another 10 Billion dollars to fund his "preschool for all" addition. She also states that only 13% of kids in preschool use the federally funded programs while the rest use private preschools. Economist James Heckman says universal programs are "inefficient, costly, [and] wasteful of public dollars"(Finn). Taxes are governments cure to the spending on preschools. When Head Start was instituted in the mid sixties, mothers using it were expected to......

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New Years

...celebrated the last day of the year( December 31st) but their celebration is much different from America. Japanese people run around a lot to welcome a New Year with a clean state of mind. Therefor おそじ (big cleaning is to be done and finished by December 31st to remove clutter and dirt from the old year ant-to purify the home for the coming year. Behind this is that years are considered completely separate with each New Year’s providing a fresh start. 女や is the night of New year’s Eve. Just before the night, temples throughout japan strike their big bells 108 times, once for every human desire. The peal of a large bell on 女や is called 女やの金。Ringing the bell for the passing year and ringing the bell for the upcoming year after the busy work. Japanese people welcome New Year’s Day quietly with their families. A special dish is made before New Year’s; Japanese people eat during the New Year Celebration. A variety of ingredients such as fish, beans and rolled help are used. They are cooked in a way they can keep long and served in a set of layered lacquer boxes. モチ(rice cake) are also eaten during the new year celebration. ネオがじょare new year’s greeting postcards sent out for wishing their friends, relatives and customers a happy new year; This is similar to the western practice of exchanging Christmas cards. The postcards usually have the chines Zodiac sign of the New Year as each year is represented by an animal.......

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1831: Year of Eclipse

...1831: Year of Eclipse Certain years stick out to Americans about how our nation got to where we are today. When hearing the year 1776 you automatically think of the Declaration of Independence and how we became no longer apart of the British Empire. When you hear the year 1861, you get reminded about Abraham Lincoln becoming the sixteenth president of the United States and the start of the Civil War. There are so many more important years that stick out in American history. Those types of events are what Americans remember and live for. America is so beautiful for the story it has behind it and the names who have created it. But what most people look past and forget is that happened in the year 1831. It’s hard to put major historical events to the year 1831. In the well written book written by Louis P. Masur’s titled 1831: Year of Eclipse, Masur writes about how all the events of the year 1831 culminated into a surprisingly important year in American history. When reading any book, the title always has something to do with the book itself. Whether it’s a message, ironic, or a metaphor, the title comes back to tie in with the book at one point or another. When hearing the title 1831: Year of Eclipse, I had no idea what it meant or had to do with America. After reading a good chunk of the book, It finally hit me. I had realized that Masur’s meaning behind the whole “eclipse” was just a simple metaphor, but a very good one. Before the eclipse happened people thought...

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Past Year

...fully paid RM'000 20,000 Given below is an extract of the Statement of Comprehensive Income of Harmoni Bhd for the years ended 31 December 2010 and 31 December 2011. Profit before tax Tax expenses (25%) Profit after tax 31 December 2011 RM'000 19,600 (4,900) 14,700 31 December 2010 RM'000 31,000 (7,750) 23,250 The following information is also provided: 1) On 1 October 2010, the company issued RM1.2 million 10% convertible debentures. These debentures are convertible to 200 ordinary shares for every RM100 debentures. As at 31 December 2010, none of the convertible debentures were converted. 2) On 30 June 2011, the company split the existing ordinary shares on the basis of 2 for every 1 share held. The par value of the share after the share split is RM0.50 each. The 10% convertible debentures will now have a conversion rate of 400 ordinary shares for every RM100 debentures held. 3) On 1 July 2011, 500,000 of the 10% convertible debentures were converted into ordinary shares. 4) Basic earnings per share for the year ended 31 December 2009 was 98 sen. Required: a) Calculate the basic earnings per share for the financial years ended 31 December 2010 and 2011. Restate the previous year's earnings per share where applicable. (8 marks) b) Calculate the diluted earnings per share for the financial years ended 31 December 2010 and 2011. (14 marks) (Total: 22 marks) © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi......

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Pv of Year

...Year | Client | Disbursement | 2009 | 15 | 23270000 | 2010 | 17 | 30350000 | 2011 | 26 | 31340000 | By using the first year (2009) as a base year, we see that interest has been earned (or growth experienced) for 2 years. As there are different number of client and disbursement for the respected year we can find out cash flows for each client for each year that will be helpful to find out growth rate. Year | Cash flows per client (Disbursement ÷ Client) | 2009 | 1551333.33 | 2010 | 2023333.33 | 2011 | 2089333.33 | So, here the amount received in the earliest year (PV) is 1551333.33 The amount received in the latest year (FV2) 2089333.33 The equation we know, PV=FVn × 1(1+i)n 1551333.33 = 2089333.33 × 1(1+i)2 (here n=2) 1551333.332089333.33=1(1+i)2 0.7429=1(1+i)2 1+i2 = 1.3461 1+i = 1.1602 i = 0.1602 i = 16.02% Year | Client | Disbursement | 2009 | 15 | 23270000 | 2010 | 17 | 30350000 | 2011 | 26 | 31340000 | By using the first year (2009) as a base year, we see that interest has been earned (or growth experienced) for 2 years. As there are different number of client and disbursement for......

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Fourth Year

...social, and financial support causes strain and influences individuals to engage in deviant acts, including heroin usage.[20] They further found that heroin users practiced "retreatism", a behavior first described by Howard Abadinsky, in which those suffering from such strain reject society's goals and institutionalized means of achieving them.[21] Prescription for addicts The UK Department of Health's Rolleston Committee Report[22] in 1926 established the British approach to diacetylmorphine prescription to users, which was maintained for the next 40 years: dealers were prosecuted, but doctors could prescribe diacetylmorphine to users when withdrawing from it would cause harm or severe distress to the patient. This "policing and prescribing" policy effectively controlled the perceived diacetylmorphine problem in the UK until 1959 when the number of diacetylmorphine addicts doubled every 16th month during a period of ten years, 1959–1968.[23] In 1964 the Brain Committee recommended that only selected approved doctors working at approved specialised centres be allowed to prescribe diacetylmorphine and benzoylmethylecgonine (cocaine) to users. The law was made more restrictive in 1968. Beginning in the 1970s, the emphasis shifted to abstinence and the use of methadone, until now only a small number of users in the UK are prescribed diacetylmorphine.[24] In 1994 Switzerland began a trial diacetylmorphine maintenance program for users that had failed multiple withdrawal......

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Solar and Lunar Eclipse

...Lunar eclipse From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Lunar eclipse (disambiguation). A lunar eclipse occurs when the moon passes behind the earth so that the earth blocks the sun's rays from striking the moon. This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle. Hence, a lunar eclipse can only occur the night of a full moon. The type and length of an eclipse depend upon the Moon's location relative to its orbital nodes. Themost recent total lunar eclipse occurred on June 15, 2011; it was a central eclipse, visible over Europe and south America after sunset, over Africa and most of Asia, and Australia before sunrise. It was also the longest and darkest lunar eclipse of the century, lasting 100 minutes. The previous total lunar eclipse occurred on December 21, 2010, at 08:17 UTC.[ Unlike a solar eclipse, which can only be viewed from a certain relatively small area of the world, a lunar eclipse may be viewed from anywhere on the night side of the Earth. A lunar eclipse lasts for a few hours, whereas a total solar eclipse lasts for only a few minutes at any given place. Types of lunar eclipse The shadow of the Earth can be divided into two distinctive parts: the umbra and penumbra. Within the umbra, there is no direct solar radiation. However, as a result of the Sun’s large angular size, solar illumination is only partially blocked in the outer portion of the Earth’s shadow,......

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Summary: Reviews the historical information book, 1831: Year of the Eclipse, by Louis P. Masur. Discusses the symbolism used in the book. Analyzes Masur's portrayal of 1831 America.


1831: Year of the Eclipse: A Book Review

" The sky is gray, the light pale, and dusk is approaching."

So ends the first chapter in the book 1831: Year of the Eclipse, by Louis P. Masur. What at first might seem like a random year plucked out of the history of the United States, 1831 is really a year of crucial events and somewhat of a turning point in many developments that were about to take place in US history at the time. One of these events symbolically is the eclipse itself.

In the year 1831, people no longer looked upon an eclipse as a sign of impending doom. They did not anticipate the end of the world, destruction and loss of life. Indeed, according to the book, " ...on the day of the eclipse some Philadelphians went ice skating." The eclipse did, however, serve as an " omen." Proving overall to be "anticlimactic...

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