Show MoreWilliam Golding wrote of his novel "Lord of the Flies" that the theme was an attempt to explore how the defects society are based largely on human nature rather than the structure of civilization. Golding used "Lord of the Flies" to allegorically explain that the architecture of a society depends on the morality of the individual rather than a social or political construction, regardless of its inherent merit or esteem.
Golding very carefully and cleverly used children as characters portraying the human race. Traditionally, children are seen as immature and dismissible; they are commonly seen as almost less than human because of their underdeveloped physique and mental capacity. While traditionalists may see it as a poor example,…show more content…
He established a crude democracy, where everyone had a vote for their leader. This election by majority ensured that more than fifty percent of the boys would grant governance to Ralph, and they were willing to concede some of their freedom for the sake of the group. Like in most democracies, with a majority also comes a minority; minorities are necessary to keep the majority in check by a natural form of competition. Most were content with Ralph's leadership, but Jack despised him for it. As a concession, Ralph appointed Jack chief hunter, affirming a leader not representative of the majority but rather of his own desire, hunting. By letting Jack succumb to his Id tendencies, Ralph is creating a precedent that would eventually lead to the island's demise.
Ralph unknowingly allows Jack's desire for blood and power to grow; as Jack establishes his dominance in hunting and killing, his power becomes appealing to many of the boys. Perhaps intellectually they knew that a democratic system of self-governance was the best, but they succumbed to their immediate desires and took the meat when it was offered to them. And in one fatal swoop, Jack crushes civilization by reducing the children to animals, driven blindly by desire. It is in these blind frenzies that desire overpowers them; when Simon bursts from the underbrush with a message from the beast, the circle of boys, moving as an organism, engulfs and kills him. And ironically, they do not realize
Essay on Lord of the Flies
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Lord of the Flies
Society frees the individual from the tyranny of disorder. When people are working together with rules, chaos does not occur. In Lord of the Flies, the shell signifies society and order. The book begins with Ralph and Piggy blowing the conch to call the other boys together to order and unity. Skinner explains this by people being completely controlled by their environment. The conch is similar to a bell at school where the boys instinctively come after hearing the noise. I agree that people really are controlled by their environment. The choirboys all follow Jack's orders like stopping together and asking permission from him even though they are far from the society in which this rule was established. The…show more content…
He has a desire to kill the beast, but society has given him the duty not to kill. Jack makes the statement, "We aren't savages and we need rules." Here, Jack is expressing his moral being side. Ralph and Jack fight over making the fire versus hunting for pigs. This is a conflict of desire (hunting) and duty (making the fire). I believe people do have to face desire vs. duty decisions in everyday life. Roger watches the littluns playing and is held back from throwing stones at them. Rules in his old society told him it was unacceptable to hurt others, and Roger feels controlled by his old environment (Skinner). Jack hunts and kills the first pig when his responsibility was to keep the fire going. Jack later hits Piggy after Piggy scolds Jack for letting the fire go out when the ship went by. Then, while reenacting the hunt of the pig, the boys use Robert to signify the pig, and Robert begins to fear for his life as the boys get violently carried away with their reenactment. According to Lorenz, this is the boy's fight drive coming into play.
Jack makes the statement that the conch doesn't count on this side of the island (pg. 150). This signifies the point where the old environment and rules no longer exist, and chaos is free to reign. The boys were reenacting the killing of the pig when Simon stumbled in to tell the boys that the beast was just a dead man with