Nov 20, 2014-National heritages can be defined as valuable assets of a country, which is inherited from one generation to another. Nepal has mountains in the North and plains in the South. Although Nepal is a small country, it is culturally very rich, as it possesses different religions, cultures, traditions and languages. Hence, we possess many heritage sites belonging to different cultures and traditions.
National heritage sites have their own importance. Firstly, they help us promote our national identity. They bring people belonging to different race, caste and ethnicity together, under the umbrella of common history. They help the people to understand more about their ancient culture and rich past. Further, they are also a major source of historical and archeological information and knowledge.
In a country like Nepal, national heritage sites draw a lot of tourists, especially foreigners, and are a good source of revenue too. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), whose aim is to preserve and promote these heritages all around the world, has researched on and selected some of the natural and cultural places of our country and included them in the list of world heritages sites. These sites are: Kathmandu Durbar Square (Hanuman Dhoka), Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhunath Stupa, Bouddhanath, Lumbini, Changu Narayan Temple, Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park.
Among these world heritage sites, the Pashupatinath Temple is considered as one of the holiest pilgrimage for Hindus from all over the world. There are about 492 temples built in various designs as well as more than one thousands shivalingas inside the temple premises. Similarly, both Swayambhunath and Bouddhanath temples are held in high esteem by the followers of Buddhism.
Nature conservation sites like Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park help us protect rare flora and fauna of our country like the Krishnasar, Red Panda, Royal Bengal Tiger, Snow Leopard and Asiatic Elephant, to name a few.
The above-mentioned sites are not just our national heritages now, but because of UNESCO’s decision, they’ve become a common heritage of the whole humanity itself. We should conserve them and help those who are responsible for looking after these sites.
- Rushali Giri
Sewa Sadan Boarding School
Published: 21-11-2014 11:11
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Wealth is of two types. One is private wealth that is owned by an individual like TV, house, gold etc. Only the owner has the rights to use them. Others cannot use them without the owner's permission. The other type of wealth is national wealth. The country's temples, monasteries, public taps, buildings, etc. are the examples of national wealth. The airports and roads of the country can be used by all. Police provide security to all the people. Schools, colleges provide education to all the people without any discrimination. Hospitals are built to take care of the health of the public. The National Museums, National Parks, Durbar Squares are the places which come under national wealth. Similarly, the temples such as Changunarayan, Pashupatinath, Budhanilkantha are also national wealth. They are the pride and glory of our country.
Nepal is a country gifted by god. There are plenty of natural resources in our country. Mountains, rivers, lands, flora and fauna are the beauty of our country. The Himalayas, with high peaks, puts our head high. The rivers like Koshi and Gandaki are also the gifts of nature.
Nepal is also a historically and religiously famous country. There are said to be the places where sages lived and meditated. They describe the culture and civilization of our country as well as attract explorers to find out new things. Nepal has a large number of forests as well. It was said 'Hariyo Ban Nepal ko Dhan".
All the cultural features and resources which are created, protected and promoted by our ancestor and handed to future generations are called heritages.
The UNESCO has listed several sites of Nepal in the World Heritage Site. The sites are:
- Pashupatinath Temple
- Hanumandhoka Durbar Square
- Patan Durbar Square
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- Changunarayan temple
- Bouddhanath Temple
- Swayambhunath Temple
- Chitwan National Park
- Sagarmatha National Park